Sativa strain vs Indica strain: Understanding the difference between sativa and Indica ,effects, and their uses in 2021.


When shopping or purchasing cannabis strain in a dispensary or an online shop online, you will realize they have divided cannabis strain into Indica cannabis strain, Sativa cannabis strain, and Hybrid cannabis strain.

Most Cannabis consumers used these different weed types as a touchstone for outlining the effects, uses, and differences of each strain.

Sativa vs Indica: Outlining their basic difference.

When consumers of marijuana or cannabis strain thinking of Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strain, they think that Indica strains are physically sedating, perfect for relaxing with a movie or as a nightcap before bed, Indica help reduces anxiety affects, increase creativity and Sativa strains are energizing with uplifting cerebral effects that pair well with physical activity, social gatherings, and creative projects.

I thought hybrid strains to have a mix of Indica and Sativa effects depending on the traits from their parent strains.

Let’s look at where the terms “Indica,” “Sativa,” and “Hybrid” actually come from, and how a cannabis strain’s chemical profile interacts with your unique body to make you feel effects.

Origin of Indica and Sativa Strain.

The word Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid is used to distinguish between the cannabis strain.

What is Sativa Strain?

Sativa described hemp plants found in Europe and western Eurasia, where it was cultivated for its fiber and seeds. Sativa strains are energizing with uplifting cerebral effects that pair well with physical activity, social gatherings, creativity, gives consumers better sleep, increases appetite.

While not all sativa marijuana strains will energize you, most consumers notice a high tendency for sativa strain to produce a “head high,” an uplifting, stimulating effect. They also often report sativa strain as being helpful in mitigating stress or anxiety, and many consumers enjoy sativa marijuana to sharpen focus and boost creativity/motivation.


There are different Sativa strains to try, and you’ve likely heard of some of the most popular. Most dispensaries should stock at least some of these sativa weed strains as they’re a crowd-favorite.

  • Sour Diesel
  • Jack Herer
  • Green Crack
  • Durban Poison
  • Strawberry Cough
  • Amnesia Haze
  • Super Lemon Haze
  • Super Silver Haze

What is Indica Strain?

Indica cannabis strain refers to the intoxicating varieties discovered in India, where it was harvested for its seeds, fiber, and hashish production. Many Indica marijuana strain consumers confirmed it’s perfect for relaxing with a movie before bed, Indica help reduces anxiety effects, increase creativity.


Characteristic of Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid Strain.

Characteristic of indica, sativa and hybrid strain

Below I’m going to outline some major


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characteristic of Indica strain, Sativa marijuana strain and also hybrid cannabis strain in details. 

Indica and Sativa Cannabis strain vary not only in their physical Effects but also in their appearance. Indica strain is short and stocky, featuring leaves that are broad and chunky. Sativa strain is taller and skinnier and may even be lanky in appearance, with leaves that are thin and pointed.

What impact’s strain effects: compound or chemical that triggers strains effects.

The effects of different cannabis strains depend on several factors, but mainly on the cannabinoids and terpenes in the strain, or the chemical compounds in it. Some factors include cannabinoids, Terpenes. Below I’m going to give a detail about the following factors below.


All cannabis plant composed of hundreds of chemical compounds that create a unique harmony of effects, which is primarily led by cannabinoids. HTC and CBD are the most common cannabinoids and are driver from cannabis’ therapeutic and recreational effects.

  • THC (Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol) makes cannabis consumers feel hungry and high, and relieves symptoms like pain and nausea.
  • CBD (cannabidiol) is a non-intoxicating compound known to ease anxiety, pain, inflammation, and many other medical ailments.

Cannabis contains dozens of different cannabinoids, but start by familiarizing yourself with THC and CBD first. Instead of choosing a strain based on its Indica or Sativa classification, consider basing your selection on these three buckets instead (both indica and sativa strains exhibit these different cannabinoid profiles): 

  • Consumers seeking a potent euphoric experience primarily chosen THC-dominant strains. Patients treating pain, depression, anxiety, insomnia, and more also selected these strains. If you felt anxious with THC-dominant strains or dislike other side effects associated with THC, try a strain with higher levels of CBD.
  • CBD-dominant strains contain only small amounts of THC and are widely used by those highly sensitive to THC or patients needed clear-headed symptom relief.
  • Balanced THC/CBD strains contain similar levels of THC and CBD, offering mild euphoria alongside symptom relief. These are an excellent choice for novice consumers seeking an introduction to cannabis signature high.


If you’ve ever used aromatherapy to relax or relieve your mind and body, you understand the basics of terpenes. Terpenes are aromatic compounds commonly produced by plants and fruit.

We can find them in lavender flowers, oranges, hops, pepper, and of course, cannabis. Secreted by the same glands that ooze THC and CBD, terpenes make cannabis smell like berries, citrus, pine, fuel, etc.

Dosing and Consumption method of cannabis Consumers in 2021.

Your tolerance to cannabis, the amount you consume (dosage), and the consumption method will also determine how a strain affects you. Consider the following questions when looking for the right strain or product to consume.

  • How much experience do you have with cannabis? If your tolerance is low, consider a low-THC strain in low doses.
  • Are you susceptible to anxiety or other side effects of THC? If so, try a strain of high in CBD.
  • Do you want the effects to last a long time? If you do, consider edibles (starting with a low dose). Conversely, if you seek a short-term experience, use inhalation methods.

There are many factors to consider when choosing a strain, but if you find indica strains consistently deliver a positive experience, then by all means, stick to what you know. However, if you’re still searching for that ideal strain, these are important details to keep in mind.

Can You Overdose on Weed?

Is it possible to overdose on weed? Well, that is the question all marijuana users ask themselves every time they light a joint. We have an answer to this inquiry: you cannot kill yourself using too much cannabis by accident. However, due to certain functions of marijuana, it can be very dangerous if you start using weed as a medicine. Cannabis itself is not able to bring you any harm, though it can create lethal safety hazards if you do not act carefully.

What amount of marijuana is lethal?

Deaths because of drug overdose is a common thing in America. According to the CDC, since 2000, the rate of deaths caused by drug overdose has increased by 137%. The main component that causes death is opioid, a type of painkiller drug that includes morphine, oxycodone, and other harmful substances. However, it is impossible to overdose on weed as the lethal dose of it is 1,500 pounds. Is anyone of you able to smoke such a huge amount at once? The man who calculated this figure in 1988 was Judge Francis Young.

How to avoid disadvantages of marijuana consumption

All medical marijuana patients have to be aware of the injury risks while consuming marijuana. First of all, you should take into account that marijuana affects the way a person perceives and responds to the environment. Many patients report disorientation after using their medicine. Marijuana alters the way you feel, think, and function. It can be extremely dangerous to drive a vehicle or use any heavy machinery. It is better not to drive under the influence of medical marijuana. Additionally, we recommend using vaporizer pens for marijuana consumption in order to minimize the risk of burns and fires. You should also take into consideration the relaxing effect of marijuana. Be careful and avoid getting too relaxed to ensure your personal safety. If you are planning to have sex after consuming cannabis, make sure you will not regret it in the morning. Be extremely cautious about leaving parties with people you do not know and make sure a friend you trust knows where to look for you. Do not forget about the personal safety of people who surround you.

Secondhand Cannabis Smoke: Is It Really Bad for Your Pets

No matter where and when you smoke cannabis, second-hand smoke is bound to be there. It may not cause problems to your friends, whether they smoke themselves or not. However, not many people are aware of how second-hand cannabis smoke can affect others in their homes, especially those who cannot voice their problems.

Yes, cannabis smoke can be troublesome for your beloved pets and the extent of risk varies from one pet to another. If you have a pet at home and smoke cannabis, it is important that you know the risk your pet faces from indirect cannabis smoke.

The Impact Of Cannabis Smoke On The Pets

Whether you have a Labrador at home or an African parrot, the reality is second-hand cannabis smoke is not good for the pet’s health. The pets do not like it either. It is a different thing that they cannot express their discomfort candidly.

As a matter of fact, dogs, cats, and other pets get affected the most by THC– which is present in all cannabis strains in some amount. While almost all pets get affected by cannabis smoke floating in the air, it is the smaller sized animals or birds that face worse. You have to keep in mind that pets like dogs and cats have sensitive respiratory systems compared to the humans. Second-hand smoke from cannabis can make them feel disoriented and irritable.

Some cannabis users mistakenly think their dogs have no problem with the smoke and may even blow the smoke near their faces. This will surely not kill the dog but the animal will not feel good either. Feeding them cannabis edibles is pretty risky and it should be avoided at all costs. Typically, CBD heavy cannabis strains may be less toxic for your dog. It is actually non-intoxicating in nature and will not produce the same effects as THC does on the furry pets. Your cats may also get stoned from inhaling THC heavy cannabis strains. It can be potentially risky for them.

Your cat or dog may develop a number of side effects if the animal is subjected to cannabis smoke for a long time, in heavy amounts. The side effects include drooling, low blood pressure, sleeping troubles, vomitingand in some cases seizures. Smaller pets may even face the risk of becoming comatose. Besides, they do not adjust to the feeling of getting high like humans. Thus, they may feel uneasy about what is happening to them.

What To Do When You Have Pets At Home, But Like Taking Cannabis

If you have one or more pets at home but do not want to give up on cannabis either, there are ways to keep the animals safe.

First of all, you can consume cannabis using methods other than smoking. Vaping is what a lot of people resort to and it has its benefits. Resorting to vaping Cannabis will help you avoid the combustion part and fewer harmful chemicals will be generated. Besides, the vapor tends to disperse quickly compared to smoke. It does not get soaked in the curtains, furnishing, and clothes like cannabis smoke. Therefore, it is ultimately better for you and the pets.

You should also ensure the cannabis edibles are stored safely at home. Store such stuff including cookies and baked goods away from the reach of your pets. You should store them in tight, sealed containers.

The rugs, curtains and sofa and bed covers should be cleaned regularly or at periodic intervals to ensure they do not cause discomfort to your pets.

What If The Pet Develops Health Complications After Inhaling Cannabis Smoke?

If you find your beloved cat or dog is behaving in weird ways after you had a cannabis party at home, do not overlook the signs. Get in touch with a vet soon and let the poor animal get diagnosed properly. The good thing is that marijuana intoxication side effects in these animals are typically short-lived.

Resources for Further Reading

Cannabis Strains for Insomnia

To find the best strain for treating insomnia, every medical marijuana patient has to learn the reason for his or her illness. Usually, insomnia is caused by different psychiatric conditions and unhealthy sleep habits, though there are cases when chronic pain, anxiety, and depression do not allow a person to relax and fall asleep. Some marijuana strains are aimed at treating insomnia caused by severe chronic pain, while others reduce anxiety that results in insomnia. When choosing a strain for insomnia, pay your attention to those full of CBD as this cannabinoid balances the psychoactive effects of THC.

Cannabis and insomnia

One in three Americans suffers from insomnia. 95% of patients are prescribed different medications to make them fall asleep, though such type of medicines can make a patient extremely addicted. Cannabis is a natural alternative to the traditional treatment for insomnia. The study conducted in 1981 confirmed that CBD could increase the length of sleep in patients with insomnia.

Strains for insomnia

You need to try different kinds of weed to find out which works best for you. We recommend you to vape marijuana, as the effects come faster.


Harlequin is a sativa-dominant hybrid with a 5:2 ratio of CBD to THC. Patients like it for its ability to alleviate pain, reduce stress, and deal with different types of psychological disorders. Being a strong calming strain, Harlequin not just helps patients fall asleep but also makes their sleep longer.

Cookie Jar

Cookie Jar is a cross between Platinum GSC and White Fire Alien OG. The strain helps with anxiety and relieves headaches. More than that, Cookie Jar is highly appreciated for having a body relaxation effect.

Girl Scout Cookies

GSC is an indica strain with 20% of THC and 2% of CBD in its content. It is an excellent choice for those who suffer from insomnia as it provides a strong sedative effect. However, you have to go slow with the strain because of its high potency and psychoactive effects that many patients try to avoid. The GSC strain is also widely known for its sleep-inducing properties.

Pruning Cannabis

If you are growing weed indoors this summer, we have prepared for you some simple tricks that will help you easily and quickly add a 20 percent boost to your perfect yield. A great technique for pruning cannabis plant will make your crop healthier and give it the power to produce more buds. Quite attractive, right?

Puberty stage of the plants

Some growers start pruning cannabis at the flowering stage, though the proper time to do that is the vegetative stage. There is nothing difficult about learning how to prune weed plants. All it is about is topping the plants. The technique has a lot of names, like “pinching off,” “supper- cropping,” and “FIMing,” and each of them comes with absolutely different methods. Well, the goal is still the same—to release the growth of hormones of the plant.

Pruning techniques

– Topping the plant. You need to remove the top terminal shoot by cutting or slicing, it depends on your preferences. Such procedure has to be performed once in the second week of the vegetative growth and then again in the fourth. You may also do it before the plants start to flower.

– Pinching off. Basically, this technique does not differ a lot from topping, though this one is performed using your thumb and index finger. All you have to do is pinch off the top shoot of the plant. Never use trimmers or pruning shears for such a technique.

– The FIM technique. You may also know another name of this technique—“FIMing.” You may also find the similarity with the topping technique as it is basically a variation of it. Take trimmer scissors, find the top shoot of the plant, and cut only 80 percent of it, leaving 20 percent absolutely intact. The remaining part will give way for new baby leaves above the node.

– Super-cropping. This technique was developed by Dutch growers a long time ago and has become the real art of increasing the growth of cannabis plants without removing any of the parts. Instead of that, the plants are bruised (or altered). The growers usually “roll” the main stem between the thumb and index finger. This rotates the branch and causes it to pop. As a result, there are new shoots in the place where this method was applied.